Within the framework of the Nevsky Forum, Dean of the Faculty of International Relations and Politics Evgeny Roshchin and Associate Professor of the Faculty Ekaterina Potapova will present analytical project «Academic Autonomy: Regulation and Status» to the scientific community.
Within the framework of the Nevsky Forum, which will be held in the Northern Capital on June 24-26, representatives of RANEPA St. Petersburg Campus-Dean of the Faculty of International Relations and Politics, Candidate of Political Sciences, PhD Evgeny Roshchin and Associate Professor, Candidate of Political Sciences Ekaterina Potapova will present their research project «Academic Autonomy: Regulation and Status» to the scientific community.
The key topic of the study was a concept of «academic freedom». According to scientists, universities and higher education have always played a special role in the life of any society: «Universities give the citizens of their country knowledge and expertise, which is party or governmental neutral. That is why the society is interested in supporting the elements that make universities themselves. And one of the main features of the university community is academic freedom».
So, in Russia, the Federal Law «About Education» is in force. It reflects the idea of academic freedom, which is understood as freedom in teaching and research.
«The attention of the university community to this dimension is certainly justified, but, in our opinion, limiting the discussion to this dimension risks leaving behind the institutional dimension of academic freedom. Our research redirects attention to the issue of university autonomy, mentioned in the UNESCO Recommendation on the «Status of Teaching Staff of Higher Education Institutions», — said Evgeny Roshchin.
According to the dean of the Faculty of International Relations and Politics, the autonomy of the university means independence in such areas as the management of the organization, the appointment of professors, the admission of students and interaction with them, the management of finances, the content of educational and research programmes. The expert also added that freedom of action in these areas should not be accompanied by the threat of sanctions from state bodies.
For her part, Ekaterina Potapova, Associate Professor of the NWIM RANEPA, noted in her part of the research that academic autonomy in such the form it exists in the Anglo-Saxon or Continental European university tradition is not presented in some regions of the world.
For example, Chinese universities in recent decades have begun an unprecedented race for international recognition and status, thus experiencing systemic marketization, a revolutionary increase in the number of universities themselves, and their full-scale internationalization.
«Higher education in China is considered simultaneously as an agent of political socialization and economic modernization, graduates of universities must meet the criteria of «ideological reliability». The first task of the university is to create a citizen»- the expert explains.
In their work, scientists also paid attention to the fact that along with some increase of autonomy of universities inevitably come increased demands on the accountability of universities due to their claim to public funding.
«Therefore, in our study, we would first like to point out the combination of instruments found in world practice, which help universities to overcome their dependence on the controlling authorities and at the same time contribute to the maintenance of the public good», the authors of the study summarized.